Here are 5 characteristics of aircraft wings. (This is only five – there are many more ways to compare wings.) Understanding the characteristics of a wing helps test pilots predict how it will fly.
|What’s the greatest airplane of all time? Nominate your favorite now.|
Sweep – the F-14 here has wings with variable sweep. Angle of sweep is measured between the wing and the aircraft centerline (with many variations of this definition depending on the type of wing).
Camber describes the shape of the top and bottom of the airfoil in relation to the chord line as seen here on the Carbon Cub.
Chord is an imaginary straight line from the leading edge to the trailing edge. Here you can see the airfoil shape on the C-17 wing, where the top is “flatter,” and the bottom is “fatter” and imagine a straight line from the leading to trailing edge.
Long slender wings have a high Aspect Ratio, a comparison of chord length and planform area of the wing.
The Airfoil is essentially an imaginary cross section of a portion of the wing. The F-18 has a very long and slender airfoil.
Airplanes by Design features photographs of aircraft from a test pilot perspective, highlighting aeronautical engineering characteristics and flight test facts.
I’d be happy to post them and link to your website. Send a message to @FlightTestFact on Twitter to share your Airplanes by Design stories and photos. See more Flight Test photos flickr or Pinterest too.
Rose Petal Press is the digital storehouse for free downloads of pictures, like this collection of Apollo 16 photos. If there is a particular set of photos you need, contact me, and I’d be happy to upload a zip file for your use.